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Cosmetology Basics: Electricity Review

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Principles of Electricity and Electricity in Cosmetology

Created Date 04.02.20
Last Updated 04.03.20
Viewed 15 Times
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  • ___________, or the movement of electricity, moves along a path called a conductor.
  • Silver and copper transmit electricity and are _______. These are materials that best transport electricity and form the wires in appliance cords.
  • Materials that do not allow current to pass through them, such as alcohol and rubber, are called ______.
  • A ____ is a unit of electric pressure.
  • One ____ equals 1,000 milliamperes.
  • A unit of electric resistance is called an ____.
  • When a blow dryer is on and air begins to flow, you have an example of a closed or completed ________.
  • Two common sources of electric current are _____ and batteries.
  • The cold setting on a blow dryer stops all flow of current to the ____ and to the blower.
  • A current in which electrons move at an even rate and flow only in one direction is called a ______.
  • A _______ changes alternating current to direct current.
  • An ________ indicates the appliance has been certified to operate safely under the conditions specified.
  • When too many appliances are put on one circuit and operated at the same time, more current flows than the line is designed to carry. This is known as an _________.
  • A ________ can occur anytime a foreign conductor comes in contact with a wire carrying current to an appliance.
  • Safety devices designed to avoid the possibility of overloads and short circuits include ______ and circuit breakers.
  • The initials used to help you remember fire extinguisher use are ______.
  • The negative electrode will create more and smaller bubbles than the positive electrode when performing a ______.
  • _________ has chemical effects that are caused by passing the current through particular acid or alkaline solutions and/or passing the current through body tissues and fluids.
  • ______ uses a negative pole (cathode) or electrode to force negatively charged (alkaline) solutions into the skin without breaking the skin.
  • Temporary effects of using the positive pole of galvanic current include soothing the nerves, producing an _____ reaction, and slowing the blood flow by contracting the vessels.
  • The timing guideline when using galvanic current for a ______ skin treatment is 3-5 minutes.
  • ___________ (or Tesla) is an alternating current that can be adjusted to different voltages to produce heat.
  • The 3 methods for using the high-frequency current are direct application, indirect application, and _________.
  • _______ utilizes high-frequency current while the client holds the activated electrode and the salon professional manually stimulates the area being treated.
  • Slightly separating the ______ from the skin will produce a mild, stimulating sensation during the use of a high-frequency current.
  • If a cream is used during scalp or other high-frequency treatments, be sure the cream contains no _____.
  • Another name for microcurrent is ______.
  • Using either ultraviolet or _____ light to treat the skin is called light therapy.
  • Small doses of _____ can tan the skin and may help the body produce vitamin D.
  • ______ is referred to as combination light.
  • _____ light source is close to being adopted as the mainstream light source due to falling prices and phasing out of 40- and 60-watt bulbs.
  • ______ light produces redder tones or warmer casts in the objects it lights.
  • Both the cosmetologist and client need to wear __________ during a UV light therapy treatment.
  • A person with any potentially restrictive medical condition, referred to as ____________, needs to consult a physician before receiving electrotherapy treatment.