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Legal Terminology

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Basic Legal Terminology

Created Date 08.31.20
Last Updated 08.31.20
Viewed 55 Times
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  • Statutes, acts, regulations, rules, standards and principles that govern people. _____ can also be based on court decisions.
  • Legal responsibility and/or a financial obligation.
  • A judicial decision or judgment that is cited as the authority for deciding a similar situation in the same manner.
  • Legal customs and past decisions of judges (case law), in contrast to statute law.
  • A civil wrong, other than breach of contract, for which a remedy may be obtained, usually in the form of damages.
  • Also called case law; Judge-made law and legal decisions from previous cases that form precedents for future cases. Depending on what level of court, case law can be binding or just persuasive.
  • Latin term for the principle by which a precedent or decision of one court binds lower courts.
  • A person sued in a civil proceeding or accused in a criminal proceeding.
  • A person who commences an action.
  • A law passed by the provincial or federal legislature. Are also referred to as ‘statutes' and ‘legislation’.
  • Latin term for the reasoning or rationale of a judicial decision; it generally binds lower courts through the doctrine of stare decisis.
  • Latin term for something said in passing in a judicial decision; it is not the crux of the rationale or reasoning and is not binding to lower courts; it can however be persuasive to lower courts.
  • Tthe law of relationships between individuals and the government.
  • Note at the beginning of a judicial decision which summarizes the facts, analysis, and outcome.
  • Also called civil law; The law of civil or private rights, as distinct from criminal law.
  • A request made to a higher court, tribunal or authority for the review of a decision.
  • Money claimed by, or ordered to be paid to, a person as compensation for loss or injuries.
  • Legal proceedings before a court or tribunal.
  • A court's direction requiring a party to do something or refrain from doing something.
  • Permission of the court.