In this animated activity, learners view the seven steps that are used to calculate voltage and current values throughout a common-emitter transistor amplifier.

Op Amp Fundamentals: The Transresistance Amplifier

The current-to-voltage conversion of the transresistance amplifier is examined. The formulas for output voltage and impedance are defined and an example ties the concepts together.

The inverting amplifier configuration is presented. The closed loop voltage gain and the closed loop bandwidth formulas are explained, along with the concept of negative feedback.

Learners examine the operation of a proportional control amplifier and the two ways that it is programmed using proportional gain or proportional band. A brief quiz completes the activity.

Students are introduced to the non-inverting amplifier configuration. The formulas for closed loop gain and bandwidth are shown, and an example is given.

In this animated object, learners see how a time proportioning operational amplifier varies an average DC voltage. A brief quiz completes the activity.

Op Amp Fundamentals: The Transconductance Amplifier

Students read an introduction to the transconductance amplifier. They also view formulas for voltage-to-current conversion, closed-loop input, and output impedance. An example of how R1 controls the conversion factor is given.

In this animated object, learners examine the circuit configuration and operation of a differentiator operational amplifier. A brief quiz completes the activity.

In this animated object, learners examine the operation of a summing operational amplifier through formulas, tables, and animated illustrations. A brief quiz completes the activity.