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Barriers to Critical Thinking: Psychological and Sociological Pitfalls


Learners examine the psychological and sociological barriers that interfere with clear communication. They select examples of ad hominem fallacy, bandwagon fallacy, emotional appeals, red herrings, irrelevant appeals to authority, suggestibility and conformity, “poisoning the well’, and “shoehorning.” In an interactive exercise, learners identify ways to overcome these barriers.

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