Vapor pressure is the pressure exerted by molecules in the gas phase in equilibrium with a liquid or a solid. Two examples are used to illustrate vapor pressure: the drying of clothes and the evaporation of ice.
The Formation of Ester Bonds in the Synthesis of Lipids
In this animated object, learners examine the formation of ester bonds in the synthesis of lipids using triglyceride biosynthesis as an example. Ester bond formation is described as a dehydration synthesis reaction.
The Effect of Temperature on the Vapor Pressure of a Liquid
Learners examine how vapor pressure is calculated. The vapor pressure of a liquid increases with increasing temperature. If the heat of vaporization and the vapor pressure at one temperature are known, the vapor pressure at a second temperature can be calculated.
Learners observe that the volume of one mole of any gas is 22.4 L at standard temperature and pressure. An illustration shows that only the mass of the molar volume differs with the identity of the gas.
Learners examine how five or six groups of electrons around a central atom cause the shape of the molecule to be trigonal bipyramidal, seesaw, T-shaped, linear, octahedral, square pyramidal, or square planar. Seven examples and three interactive questions are provided in this animated activity.
In this animated and interactive object, learners observe how two, three, or four groups of electrons around the central atom cause the shape of the molecule to be linear, trigonal planar, bent, tetrahedral, or pyramidal. Seven examples and eight interactive questions are provided.
In this interactive and animated object, learners use solubility rules to predict when an insoluble ionic compound will precipitate in a double replacement reaction. Four step-by-step examples are given.