In this animated and interactive object, learners examine kinetic and potential energy as well as the first law of thermodynamics and the flow of energy between a system and its surroundings. Students also answer questions about exothermic and endothermic reactions
Learners use the coefficients in a balanced equation to develop the mole ratios of reactants and products involved in the reaction. Five interactive examples illustrate the method, and students test their knowledge by working four problems.
Ions are electrically charged particles obtained from an atom or from a chemically bonded group of atoms by adding or removing electrons. Eight examples illustrate the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in positive ions (cations) and in negative ions (anions).