Learners examine graphs and read that the heat of fusion is the heat energy absorbed by one mole of solid as it is converted to liquid, while the heat of vaporization is the heat energy absorbed by one mole of liquid as it is converted to gas.
Learners study the effect that pressure has on boiling temperatures. Once a liquid has reached a full boil, additional heat does not raise the liquid’s temperature; however, pressure can vary the boiling point of a liquid. A brief quiz completes the activity.
The Effect of Temperature on the Vapor Pressure of a Liquid
Learners examine how vapor pressure is calculated. The vapor pressure of a liquid increases with increasing temperature. If the heat of vaporization and the vapor pressure at one temperature are known, the vapor pressure at a second temperature can be calculated.