By Jill Larson
In this animated object, students examine what happens when electrons share molecules.
By Dr. Miriam Douglass
In this interactive object, learners calculate the amount of heat evolved or absorbed in chemical reactions. Four practice problems are provided.
In this interactive lesson, students examine the quantitative relationship between chemicals in a balanced mathematical equation.
By Dr. Miriam Douglass, Dr. Martin McClinton
In this animated activity, learners compare the van der Waals equation with the Ideal Gas Law.
Common Types of Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
By Debbie McClinton, Dr. Miriam Douglass, Dr. Martin McClinton
Learners identify combination, decomposition, displacement, and combustion types of redox reactions. They also watch a video clip that demonstrates the reaction of sodium and water.
Learners examine how melting, vaporization, and sublimation require energy input while freezing and condensation release energy.
Ideal Gas Law
In this interactive object, learners use the ideal gas law to solve a practice problem.
The Combined Gas Law
Learners combine Boyle's Law and Charles's Law to solve for the pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas sample under two sets of conditions.
In this well-illustrated activity, learners examine the three types of intermolecular forces: dipole-dipole forces, London or Van der Waals forces, and the hydrogen bond. Two interactive questions are included.
Energy in Chemical Reactions
In this animated and interactive object, learners examine kinetic and potential energy as well as the first law of thermodynamics and the flow of energy between a system and its surroundings. Students also answer questions about exothermic and endothermic reactions
Students solve a molarity problem in a drag and drop exercise.
The definition of an isotope is illustrated using the three isotopes of carbon. The three isotopes of hydrogen are discussed as exceptions.
Melting Point and Freezing Point
Learners observe that the melting of a solid and the freezing of its liquid occur at the same temperature. The melting point is an intrinsic property and is used to identify a substance.
Identifying Compounds and Ions
Learners complete an exercise to match chemical formulas with the names of binary compounds, tertiary compounds, and ions.
Double Replacement Reactions
In this interactive object, learners identify charges on ions, write new formulas based on charge, and balance equations using coefficients.
Gas Volume vs. Pressure (Boyle's Law)
Boyle's Law states that gas volume varies inversely with the pressure at constant temperature and is described by the equation PV = constant. An example of a sample of gas at two conditions of P and V is used to illustrate the law.
Calculating Gas Density from Standard Molar Volume
Learners calculate gas density from the standard molar volume and observe how the density increases with the increasing molecular weight of the gas.
Shapes of Simple Molecules - Part 1
In this animated and interactive object, learners observe how two, three, or four groups of electrons around the central atom cause the shape of the molecule to be linear, trigonal planar, bent, tetrahedral, or pyramidal. Seven examples and eight interactive questions are provided.
Changes in Our World: Chemical and Physical (Video)
By Deb Simonson
In this screencast, learners examine the kinds of physical and chemical changes that occur in substances.
Learners read the definition of atomic weight and obtain the weights of elements by viewing the Periodic Table and charts that list atomic weights by name or symbol.
Heat of Fusion and Heat of Vaporization
Learners examine graphs and read that the heat of fusion is the heat energy absorbed by one mole of solid as it is converted to liquid, while the heat of vaporization is the heat energy absorbed by one mole of liquid as it is converted to gas.
Measuring Gas Pressure
Learners convert units used to designate pressure. Units for pressure are atm, mm Hg, torr, and pascal.
How Pressure Changes Boiling Temperature
By Terry Bartelt, Terry Fleischman
Learners study the effect that pressure has on boiling temperatures. Once a liquid has reached a full boil, additional heat does not raise the liquid’s temperature; however, pressure can vary the boiling point of a liquid. A brief quiz completes the activity.
Learners examine the meaning of oxidation, reduction, and half-reaction, and watch a film showing the deposition of copper metal from the reduction of copper (II) ion by aluminum. A brief quiz completes the activity.
Gas Volume and Molar Amount
In this brief object, learners examine the direct relationship between the volume of a gas sample and the number of moles of gas. A problem is presented so students can test their knowledge of Avogadro's Law.